To understand the dynamics of mind, we have to turn inward. Mind is logically split into four aspects called antahkarna as per vedanta.
Mano is basically a tool or instrument which pushes thoughts and emotions into the realm of consciousness. Thought is basically name and form of a previous
Buddhi is discrimination aspect of mind. It controls the actions that shall be performed on an arrival of thought. There is a small or slight gap which we are able to distinguish between mind and intellect.
Chittam is the recording part of the mind which records the experience and stores it into memory.
Ahankara is the Ego which identifies with the action and gets deluded as a doer due to ignorance.
The mixture of these four elements is called a person.
So what’s happening in our daily life?
We are collecting lot of information through five senses. Recording is happening continuously. Unnecessary junk information is collected most of the time which leads to hatred and pleasure.
Why do we allow this recording to happen?
Till perception of content through senses it is fine, but there is one more activity happening that is carried out by the thought without any mistake. A thought creates an image of the experience and then the desire is born out of it “What if I own it? It’s mine kind of feeling”. The moment desire is born, we are trapped into this materialistic world and the rest is well explained in the below verse from Bhagavath Geetha.
dhyayato visayan pumsah sangas tesupajayate
sangat sanjayate kamah kamat krodho bhijayate
krodhad bhavati sammohah sammohat smrti-vibharamah
smrti-bhramsad buddi-naso buddhi-nasat pranayati
Is this a limitation?
I don’t completely say it is a limitation in the perspective of it’s functioning. It is part of prakriti or nature as it is designed as per an order. It’s a fact rather than an idea. It is happening and constant across the humanity.
How do we tackle it?
First and foremost thing to do is to accept the functioning as it is. When an event occurs, there is a projection. when you start projecting there is a division or conflict. The thought
of the previous experience of this event is projected upon present. You look through the lens of the past experience from the memory.
The other way, when an event occur and there is no projection and only observation, division ceases between controller and controlled. you have accepted the event as just what it is and be aware of it.
In this acceptance there is no conflict or aversion towards an event. The moment you accept or be aware of it the division subsides. When there is no division there is only observation and no recording happening. Here recording means concluding the event into one of the category of raaga (like) or dwesha (dislike). This process is not simple and require more practice. Constantly we have to do shravana, manana and nedidhyasa and
focus on the Sadhana Chatushtaya (Viveka, Vairagya, Shad-Sampat and Mumukshutva).
Conclusion : Mind is habituated to project past memory of the experience on the present. Mr X sees this projection and is deluded due to ignorance. It is left to Mr. X to decide whether to get identified or be just aware of it.